Ask the Expert: Should I prepare myself for higher interest rates?
Rates may be at historic lows however, with big banks raising fixed rates and reducing variable-rate discounts, you need to be ready to pay more. As seen in REW.ca
Q: I’m easily able to make payments on my mortgage at the moment as my rate is so low. I saw that the Bank of Canada didn’t cut its overnight rate last week, and that some banks are actually raising interest rates. Should I be prepared for higher interest rates, and if so, what is your advice?
A: Interest rates are still at historical lows, and we ke ep hearing for years that interest rates are going to rise. If anything, interest rates have dropped.
The Bank of Canada was considering dropping the overnight rate. However, on Wednesday’s announcement they have decided to maintain the overnight rate at 0.5 per cent. Since the Canadian dollar has already fallen sharply and a rate cut could have imprudently triggered a currency rout. There is a great deal of concern about household debt, and another rate cut would add to the risk by encouraging excessive borrowing.
So does this mean that we should stop thinking about rising interest rates? Not at all. It is important to be proactive and prepare yourself for higher interest rates.
The following are some tips that can help you.
Pay down your mortgage faster
To ensure that you don’t over-leverage yourself when interest rates do eventually increase, start by making larger or more frequent payments and make lump-sum prepayments when possible towards your mortgage. This will help you by lowering your principal so you will pay interest on a smaller amount in the future.
Consider making a lump-sum payment. Most lenders allow you to pay up to 10 to 20 per cent of your mortgage without a penalty annually. The prepayment amount is applied directly to the principal balance, which will help you save money.
Changing your payment frequency is a great way to pay off your mortgage faster. While most people might not have extra money to put a lump-sum payment every year, you can save money by paying the same amount per month and just simply splitting your mortgage payments throughout the month to semi-annual, bi-weekly or weekly payments.
Below is a chart showing how paying more often pays off.
(Calculations based on a mortgage amount of $450,142 with a five-year fixed rate of 2.64% and a 25-year amortization.)
2.Pay down other debt
If you are only making minimum payments on your credit card, it would be a good idea to start paying more. If you are unable to come up with the money to increase your payments, start a budget or see where you can tighten your existing one, cut spending and start paying down your credit card debt with the money you save.
If you are living beyond your means, it won’t get any easier later on. It is better to become proactive, instead of getting in a tighter situation later, especially when interest rates start rising. If you are looking at buying a home, calculate what the payments will be with a higher interest rate and see if you would be comfortable making those payments in the long run. If not, purchase a property of lesser value
If your mortgage is coming up for renewal in the next two to three years, it is worth checking out if you are eligible to refinance now and take advantage of the lower interest rates. Also, if you have equity in your home, this is a great opportunity to pay off some debts and increase your monthly cash flow. Even if you have to pay a penalty for refinancing prior to the end of the term, it could help you save money in the long run. Talk to your mortgage expert
to explore the options and see if it makes sense.
3.Have a contingency fund
If you are concerned about higher interest rates when your mortgage comes up for renewal, start working on it now. It’s a good idea to start a contingency fund that can be used to cover the increase in mortgage payments or use that fund to make a lump sum payment on your mortgage. If you are on a variable mortgage, figure out what would be your mortgage payments if you had a fixed rate and put that extra money aside. By making small changes in your daily spending you can save more money in the long run.
4.Seek professional advice
Having a close relationship and working with your mortgage expert frequently can help offset some of the stress and confusion. Your mortgage expert can help educate you in areas you might not be familiar with and can help you be prepared for when interest rates do start increasing.
If you are worried if you will be able to afford your home when interest rates increase or if you want to find out how you can save money, give me a call at 778.893.0525 to speak about your options.